More Facts & Figures
National name: República de Chile
Ethnicity/race: white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 18
Religions: Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, small Jewish population
Literacy rate: 95.7% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $281 billion; per capita $16,100. Real growth rate: –6.5%. Inflation: 3.3%. Unemployment: 6.6%. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber. Labor force: 8.099 million; agriculture 13.6%, industry 23.4%, services 63% (2003). Industries: copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles. Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower. Exports: $86.13 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine. Imports: $72.31 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, China, South Korea, Netherlands, Brazil, Italy, Mexico, Argentina (2004).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 3.458 million (2011); mobile cellular: 19.852 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 180 (eight inactive), FM 64, shortwave 17 (one inactive) (1998). Television broadcast stations: 63 (plus 121 repeaters) (1997). Internet hosts: 1,854,000 (2011). Internet users: 7.009 million (2011).
Transportation: Railways: total: 7,082 km (2011). Highways: total: 80,505 (2011). Waterways: 725 km. Ports and harbors: Antofagasta, Arica, Huasco, Iquique, Lirquen, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso. Airports: 366 (2011 est.).
International disputes: Chile rebuffs Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, offering instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Bolivian gas and other commodities; Peru proposes changing its latitudinal maritime boundary with Chile to an equidistance line with a southwestern axis; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims.