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  1. Chad Main Page
  2. Oil Revenues to Be Used to Improve Quality of Life
  3. Signs of Hope for Peace Between Chad and Sudan
  4. Fifty Years of Independence

More Facts & Figures

National name: République du Tchad

Languages: French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects

Ethnicity/race: 200 distinct groups. North and center, mostly Muslim: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba. South, mostly Christian or animist: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa

National Holiday: Independence Day, August 11

Religions: Islam 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other 7%

Literacy rate: 25.7% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.):$19.69 billion; per capita $1,900. Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: -2%. Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 2.8%. Agriculture: cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels. Labor force: 4.293 million (2011); agriculture 80%; industry and services 20% (subsistence farming, herding, and fishing). Industries: oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials. Natural resources: petroleum (unexploited but exploration under way), uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt. Exports: $4.088 billion (2011 est.): cotton, cattle, gum arabic, oil. Imports: $3.546 billion (2011 est.): machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles. Major trading partners: U.S., China, France, Cameroon, Italy, Ukraine (2009).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 51,200 (2011); mobile cellular: 2.614 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: 11 (2007). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2007). Internet hosts: 5 (2011) . Internet users: 168,100 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 40,000 km; paved: (2011). Waterways: Chari and Legone rivers are navigable only in wet season (2010). Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 56 (2011.).

International disputes: since 2003, Janjawid armed militia and Sudanese military have driven about 200,000 Darfur region refugees into eastern Chad; Chad remains an important mediator in the Sudanese civil conflict; Chadian Aozou rebels reside in southern Libya; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes Chad and Niger.

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