Fifty Years of Independence
Jan. 2011 marked 50 years of independence from France.
Calls of fraud and misconduct in February's parliamentary election led to the opposition's boycott of Chad's presidential election in April. Vying against only two other candidates, Idriss Déby earned 88.6% of the vote and was reelected for a fourth term as president.
In July 2011, Hissène Habré, who was overthrown in a coup d'état led by Idriss Déby in 1990, had his repatriation canceled; he remained in Senegal and will not return to Chad, where he earned a sentence of death for crimes against humanity while president from 1982-1990.
In Jan. 2013, Prime Minister Emmanuel Nadingar resigned. Djimrangar Dadnadji was named as new prime minister. In May, a long-planned coup against the government of President Idriss Deby was foiled by Chadian security forces.
Fallout from the coup resulted in a motion of censure against Prime Minister Dadnadji in Nov. 2013. Citing "arbitrary arrests of deputies,” the censure was not executed because the prime minister resigned. President Idriss Déby Itno named Kalzeubé Pahimi Deubet as new prime minister on Nov. 21, 2013.