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Cape Verde

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  1. Cape Verde Main Page
  2. Efforts at Modernization
  3. Fonseca Elected President

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National name: República de Cabo Verde

Languages: Portuguese, Criuolo

Ethnicity/race: Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%

National Holiday: Independence Day, July 5

Religion: Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)

Literacy rate: 76.6% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $2.04 billion; per capita $4,000. Real growth rate: 5.6%. Inflation: 6.5%. Unemployment: 21% (2011 est.). Arable land: 10%. Agriculture: bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish. Labor force: 196,100 Industries: food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair. Natural resources: salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum. Exports: $108.5 million f.o.b. (2011 est.): fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides. Imports: $868.2 million f.o.b. (2011 est.): foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels. Major trading partners: Portugal, France, U.S., UK, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Brazil (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 72,200 (2011); mobile cellular: 371,900 (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 15 (and 17 repeaters), shortwave 0 (2002). Television broadcast stations: 1 (and 7 repeaters) (2002). Internet hosts: 31 (2011). Internet users: 150,000 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 0 km. Highways: total: 1,350 km; paved: 932 km; unpaved: 418 km (2011). Waterways: none. Ports and harbors: Mindelo, Praia, Tarrafal. Airports: 10; (2011 est.).

International disputes: none.

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