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Cambodia

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Flag of Cambodia
Index
  1. Cambodia Main Page
  2. Emergence of the Khmer Rouge
  3. Cambodia Joins the World Trade Organization
  4. Khmer Rouge Officials Face Trial
  5. Opposition Fares Well in Election

More Facts & Figures

National Name: Preahreacheanacha Kampuchea

Languages: Khmer 95% (official), French, English

Ethnicity/race: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

National Holiday: Independence Day, November 9

Religions: Theravada Buddhist 95%, others 5%

Literacy rate: 73.6% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $32.95 billion; per capita $2,300. Real growth rate: —6.7%. Inflation: 6%. Unemployment: 3.5% (2011 est.). Arable land: 21%. Agriculture: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca. Labor force: 8.8 million (2012 est.); agriculture 75% (2004 est.). Industries: tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles. Natural resources: oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential. Exports: $5.35 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear. Imports: $6.963 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products. Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, UK, Vietnam, Canada, Thailand, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Taiwan (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 359,800 (2011); mobile cellular: 8.151 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 17, (2003). Television broadcast stations: 9 (2006). Internet hosts: 13,768 (2011). Internet users: 78,500 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 690 km (2011). Highways: total: 38,093 km; (2011). Waterways: 2,400 km (mainly on Mekong River) (2004). Ports and harbors: Phnom Penh. Airports: 17 (2011 est.).

International disputes: Southeast Asian states have enhanced border surveillance to check the spread of avian flu; Cambodia and Thailand dispute sections of boundary with missing boundary markers and Thai encroachments into Cambodian territory; maritime boundary with Vietnam is hampered by unresolved dispute over offshore islands; Cambodia accuses Thailand of obstructing access to Preah Vihear temple ruins awarded to Cambodia by ICJ decision in 1962; in 2004 Cambodian-Laotian and Laotian-Vietnamese boundary commissions reerect missing markers completing most of their demarcations.

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