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Brazil

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Flag of Brazil
Index
  1. Brazil Main Page
  2. The Lula Administration Oversees Economic and Social Reform
  3. Brazil Elects Its First Woman President
  4. Former Student Behind Worst School Shooting Brazil Has Ever Seen
  5. Rousseff Faces Political Crisis as Top Aide Steps Down
  6. Security Measures Begin for the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics
  7. Club Fire Kills 233 People
  8. Judiciary Council Rules on Same-Sex Marriage Ceremonies
  9. Demonstrations Stun Nation
  10. NSA Leaks Chill Relationship with the U.S.

More Facts & Figures

National name: República Federativa do Brasil

Ethnicity/race: white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000)

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 7

Religion: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 15%, Spiritualist 1%, none 7% (2000)

Literacy rate: 88.6% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $2.282 trillion; per capita $11,600. Real growth rate: –2.7%. Inflation: 6.5%. Unemployment: 6%. Arable land: 7%. Agriculture: coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef. Labor force: 104.7 million; agriculture 20%, industry 14%, services 66% (2011 est.). Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment. Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber. Exports: $250.8 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos. Imports: $219.6 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil. Major trading partners: U.S., Argentina, China, Netherlands, Germany, Mexico, Nigeria, Japan (2005).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 42.141 million (2011); mobile cellular: 202.944 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1,365, FM 296, shortwave 161 (of which 91 are collocated with AM stations) (1999). Television broadcast stations: 138 (1997). Internet hosts: 23,790,000 (2011). Internet users: 75.892 million (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 28,538 km (2011). Highways: total: 1,751,868 km; paved: 96,353 km; unpaved: 1,655,515 km (2011). Waterways: 50,000 km (most in areas remote from industry and population) (2005). Ports and harbors: Gebig, Itaqui, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, San Sebasttiao, Santos, Sepetiba Terminal, Tubarao, Vitoria. Airports: 4,072 (2011 est.).

International disputes: unruly region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising for extremist organizations; uncontested dispute with Uruguay over certain islands in the Quarai/Cuareim and Invernada boundary streams and the resulting tripoint with Argentina; in 2004 Brazil submitted its claims to UNCLOS to extend its maritime continental margin.

Major sources and definitions

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