More Facts & Figures
National name: República de Bolivia
Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)
Ethnicity/race: Quechua 30%, mestizo 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
National Holiday: Independence Day, August 6
Religion: Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%
Literacy rate: 86.7% (2011 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $51.46 billion; per capita $4,800. Real growth rate: 5.1%. Inflation: 6.9%. Unemployment: 5.5% in urban areas with widespread underemployment. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber. Labor force: 4.689 million; agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a. Industries: mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing. Natural resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower. Exports: $9.109 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): natural gas, soybeans and soy products, crude petroleum, zinc ore, tin. Imports: $7.613 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): petroleum products, plastics, paper, aircraft and aircraft parts, prepared foods, automobiles, insecticides, soybeans. Major trading partners: Brazil, U.S. Venezuela, Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, China, Japan (2004).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 998,600 (2011); mobile cellular: 7,179,000 (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 171, FM 73, shortwave 77 (1999). Television broadcast stations: 48 (1997). Internet hosts: 167,769 (2011). Internet users: 1,103,000 (2011).
Transportation: Railways: total: 3,652 km (2011). Highways: total: 16,138 km; (2011). Waterways: 10,000 km (commercially navigable) (2004). Ports and harbors:Puerto Aguirre (on the Paraguay/Parana waterway, at the Bolivia/Brazil border); also, Bolivia has free port privileges in maritime ports in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Paraguay. Airports: 881 (2011 est.).
International disputes: Chile rebuffs Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, offering instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile for Bolivian natural gas and other commodities.