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Flag of Belarus
  1. Belarus Main Page
  2. Expanded Presidential Power Leads to Oppression and Corruption
  3. Relationship With Russia Is Tested
  4. Lukashenka's Reelection Causes Protest and Controversy
  5. Russia Bails Out Belarus
  6. Lukashenka's Government Continues to Hold Sway Despite EU Sanctions

More Facts & Figures

National Name: Respublika Byelarus'

Languages: Belorussian (White Russian), Russian, other

Ethnicity/race: Belorussian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish 3.9%, Ukrainian 2.4%, other 1.1% (1999)

Religion: Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20% (1997 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, July 3

Literacy rate: 99.6% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $141 billion; per capita $14,900. Real growth rate: –5.3%. Inflation: 54.2%. Unemployment: 1% (2011 est.) officially registered unemployed; large number of underemployed workers. Arable land: 26.77%. Agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beets, flax; beef, milk. Labor force: 5 million (2011); agriculture 14%, industry 34.7%, services 51.3% (2003 est.). Industries: metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators. Natural resources: forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay. Exports: $40 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, mineral products, chemicals, metals, textiles, foodstuffs. Imports: $42 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): mineral products, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs, metals. Major trading partners: Russia, UK, Netherlands, Poland, Germany, Ukraine (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4,139,000 (2011); mobile cellular: 10,333,000 (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 28, FM 37, shortwave 11 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 47 (plus 27 repeaters) (1995). Internet hosts: 302,560 (2011). Internet users: 2.643 million (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 5,537 km (2011). Highways: total: 94,797 km; (2011). Waterways: 2,500 km (use limited by location on perimeter of country and by shallowness) (2003). Ports and harbors: Mazyr. Airports: 67 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 5,512 km (2004). Highways: total: 79,990 km; paved: 69,351 km; unpaved: 10,639 km (2004). Waterways: 2,500 km (use limited by location on perimeter of country and by shallowness) (2003). Ports and harbors: Mazyr. Airports: 101 (2005).

International disputes: 1997 boundary treaty with Ukraine remains unratified over unresolved financial claims, preventing demarcation and diminishing border security; the whole boundary with Latvia and more than half the boundary with Lithuania remains undemarcated; discussions toward economic and political union with Russia proceed slowly

Major sources and definitions

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