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  1. Australia Main Page
  2. From the World Wars to the End of the Millennium
  3. Changes in Immigration Policy
  4. Australia on the International Stage as Peacekeeper
  5. Australia Elects Its First Female Prime Minister
  6. Worst Flooding in Decades
  7. U.S. Establishes Military Presence
  8. Wildfires and Record High Temperatures Strike in Early 2013
  9. Gillard Resigns after Losing Party Leadership
  10. Worst Fire Emergency in almost 50 Years
  11. Abbott Named Prime Minister
  12. Armed Man Holds Hostages in Sydney Cafe
  13. Turnbull Replaces Abbott as Prime Minister
Australia Elects Its First Female Prime Minister

Rudd's popularity plummeted in May 2010, largely because he shelved his environmental policy that centered on an emissions-trading system. In June, the Labor Party ousted him as its leader and elected his deputy, Julia Gillard. She became Australia's first female prime minister in June and promptly called for elections, which were held in August. They resulted in a hung parliament, with neither the incumbent Labor Party nor the conservative Liberal-National coalition, led by Tony Abbott, taking a majority of seats. It is the country's first hung parliament in 70 years. After several weeks of attempting to woo members of parliament to her side, Gillard succeeded in early September, when two independents backed her. It was enough to give her the slimmest majority: 76 out of 150 seats.

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