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Flag of Armenia
  1. Armenia Main Page
  2. Striving for Independence
  3. The Death of Markarian Leads to Political Unrest
  4. International Relations Have Ups and Downs
  5. Safarov Pardon Increases Tension with Azerbaijan and Hungary
  6. Sarkisyan Easily Wins Second Term

More Facts & Figures

National Name: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun

Current government officials

Languages: Armenian 98%, Yezidi, Russian

Ethnicity/race: Armenian 97.9%, Russian 0.5%, Kurds 1.3%, other 0.3% (2001)

Religion: Armenian Apostolic 95%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi 1%

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 21

Literacy rate: 99.4% (2012 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $17.95 billion; per capita $5,400. Real growth rate: 4.6%. Inflation: 7.7%. Unemployment: 5.9% (2011 est.). Arable land: 16.78%. Agriculture: fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 1.194 million; agriculture 46.2%, industry 15.6%, services 38.2% (2006 est). Industries: diamond processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy. Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina. Exports: $1.319 billion f.o.b. (2011): diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy. Imports: $3.538 billion f.o.b. (2012 est.): natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds. Major trading partners: Russia, Ukraine, Belgium, Turkmenistan, Italy, Germany, Iran, Israel, U.S.%, Georgia (2006)

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 589,900 (2011); mobile cellular: 3,865,000 (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 9, FM 16, shortwave 1 (2006). Television broadcast stations: 48 (private television stations alongside 2 public networks; major Russian channels widely available) (2006). Internet hosts: 192,541 (2011). Internet users: 208,200 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 869 km (2012). Highways: total: 8,888 km; (includes 1,561 km of expressways) (2011). Waterways: n.a. Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 11 (2011).

International disputes: Armenia supports ethnic Armenian secessionists in Nagorno-Karabakh and since the early 1990s, has militarily occupied 16% of Azerbaijan - Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) continues to mediate dispute; over 800,000 mostly ethnic Azerbaijanis were driven from the occupied lands and Armenia; about 230,000 ethnic Armenians were driven from their homes in Azerbaijan into Armenia; Azerbaijan seeks transit route through Armenia to connect to Naxcivan exclave; border with Turkey remains closed over Nagorno-Karabakh dispute; ethnic Armenian groups in Javakheti region of Georgia seek greater autonomy; Armenians continue to emigrate, primarily to Russia, seeking employment.

Major sources and definitions

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