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Flag of Armenia
  1. Armenia Main Page
  2. Striving for Independence
  3. The Death of Markarian Leads to Political Unrest
  4. International Relations Have Ups and Downs
  5. Safarov Pardon Increases Tension with Azerbaijan and Hungary
  6. Sarkisyan Easily Wins Second Term

More Facts & Figures

National Name: Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun

Current government officials

Languages: Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurdish (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1% (2011 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.1%, other 0.7% (2011 est.)

Religion: Armenian Apostolic 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9% (2011 est.)

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 21

Literacy rate: 99.4% (2012 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $20.61 billion; per capita $6,300. Real growth rate: 4.6%. Inflation: 6.2%. Unemployment:17.3% (2013 est.). Arable land: 14.47%. Agriculture: fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 1.394 million; agriculture 44.2%, industry 16.8%, services 39% (2008 est). Industries: diamond processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy. Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina. Exports: $1.653 billion (2013): diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy. Imports: $3.459 billion (2013 est.): natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds. Major trading partners: Russia, Belgium, Germany, Iran, U.S., Georgia, Netherlands, Canada, Bulgaria, Switzerland(2012)

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 584,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 3.223 (2012). Broadcast media: 2 public TV networks operating alongside more than 40 privately owned TV stations that provide local to near nationwide coverage; major Russian broadcast stations are widely available; subscription cable TV services are available in most regions; Public Radio of Armenia is a national, state-run broadcast network that operates alongside about 20 privately owned radio stations; several major international broadcasters are available (2008). Internet hosts: 194,142 (2012). Internet users: 208,200 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 869 km (2012). Highways: total: 7,705 km (2012). Waterways: n.a. Ports and harbors: none. Airports: 11 (2013).

International disputes: the dispute over the break-away Nagorno-Karabakh region and the Armenian military occupation of surrounding lands in Azerbaijan remains the primary focus of regional instability; residents have evacuated the former Soviet-era small ethnic enclaves in Armenia and Azerbaijan; Turkish authorities have complained that blasting from quarries in Armenia might be damaging the medieval ruins of Ani, on the other side of the Arpacay valley; in 2009, Swiss mediators facilitated an accord reestablishing diplomatic ties between Armenia and Turkey, but neither side has ratified the agreement and the rapprochement effort has faltered; local border forces struggle to control the illegal transit of goods and people across the porous, undemarcated Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian borders; ethnic Armenian groups in the Javakheti region of Georgia seek greater autonomy from the Georgian Government.

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