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Flag of Argentina
  1. Argentina Main Page
  2. The Dirty War Begins
  3. Recession and Economic Instability
  4. Dirty War Criminals Put on Trial
  5. Economy on the Rebound
  6. President and Vice President At Odds on Big Issues
  7. President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Easily Wins Second Term
  8. Historic Rulings on Abortion, Transgender Rights
  9. Government Seizes Control of Nation's Largest Oil Company
  10. Jorge Rafael Videla Dies in Prison
  11. Argentina Defaults Again

More Facts & Figures

National name: República Argentina

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

Ethnicity/race: white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%

Religions: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

National Holiday: Revolution Day, May 25

Literacy rate: 97.2% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $709.7 billion; per capita $17,400. Real growth rate: 8%. Inflation: 22% official rate; actual rate may be double the official rate. Unemployment: 7.2%. Arable land: 10.03%. Agriculture: sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock. Labor force: 16.76 million: note: urban areas only (2011 est.); agriculture: 1%, industry: 23%, services: 76% (2007 est.). Industries: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel. Natural resources: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium. Exports: $83.71 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): edible oils, fuels and energy, cereals, feed, motor vehicles. Imports: $71.73 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal manufactures, plastics. Major trading partners: Brazil, Chile, U.S., China, Spain, Germany (2006).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use 10 million (2012); mobile cellular: 57.3 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 260 (including 10 inactive stations), FM n.a. (probably more than 1,000, mostly unlicensed), shortwave 6 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 42 (plus 444 repeaters) (1997). Internet hosts: 10.928 million (2011). Internet users: 13.694 million (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 36,966 km (2011). Highways: total: 231,374 (2004). Waterways: 11,000 km (2006). Ports and harbors: Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Concepcion del Uruguay, La Plata, Punta Colorada, Rosario, San Lorenzo-San Martin, San Nicolas. Airports: 1,141 (2011).

International disputes: Argentina continues to assert its claims to the UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in its constitution, forcibly occupying the Falklands in 1982, but in 1995 agreed no longer to seek settlement by force; territorial claim in Antarctica partially overlaps UK and Chilean claims (see Antarctic disputes); unruly region at convergence of Argentina-Brazil-Paraguay borders is locus of money laundering, smuggling, arms and illegal narcotics trafficking, and fundraising for extremist organizations; uncontested dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question; in January 2007, ICJ provisionally ruled Uruguay may begin construction of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina, while the court examines further whether Argentina has the legal right to stop such construction with potential environmental implications to both countries; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001 has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur).

Major sources and definitions

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