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Argentina

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Index
  1. Argentina Main Page
  2. The Dirty War Begins
  3. Recession and Economic Instability
  4. Dirty War Criminals Put on Trial
  5. Economy on the Rebound
  6. President and Vice President At Odds on Big Issues
  7. President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Easily Wins Second Term
  8. Historic Rulings on Abortion, Transgender Rights
  9. Government Seizes Control of Nation's Largest Oil Company
  10. Jorge Rafael Videla Dies in Prison
  11. Argentina Defaults Again
  12. Death of Prosecutor Ignites Protests and Controversy
Death of Prosecutor Ignites Protests and Controversy

On Jan. 19, 2015, Argentine federal prosecutor Alberto Nisman was found dead at his Buenos Aires home with a handgun nearby. For years, Nisman had been the chief investigator of the worst terrorist attack in the country's history, the 1994 car bombing of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA), a Jewish Community center in Buenos Aires. The attack killed 85 people and injured hundreds more. In 2006, Nisman officially accused Iran's government of planning the AMIA bombing and Hezbollah for executing it. The following year the names of six individuals accused of the attack were published: Imad Fayez Moughnieh, Ali Fallahijan, Mohsen Rabbani, Ahmad Reza Asghari, Ahmad Vahidi, and Mohsen Rezaee.

Nisman was found dead just hours before he was scheduled to appear before Congress to discuss his recent allegations that President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and other Argentine politicians had covered up for the Iranian suspects in the 1994 car bombing. Word of Nisman's death spread quickly, getting the attention of the international media and prompting protests where demonstrators accused the government of corruption. Prosecutor Viviana Fein began an investigation into Nisman's death to determine if it was a suicide, a forced suicide, or murder. President Fernández initially declared it a suicide, but then reversed her statement on Jan. 22, 2015, saying that she believed it was not a case of suicide. A week after Nisman's death, President Fernández announced her plan to replace Argentina's secret security service with a brand new agency, one that would be managed and controlled by the General Prosecutor's office.

On Feb. 3, Fein stated that an arrest warrant for President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner had been found among Nisman's papers. Later that month, prosecutor Gerardo Pollicita brought formal accusations of conspiracy against President Fernández. Her government reacted angrily to the news. Cabinet Chief Jorge Capitanich called it "an active judicial coup." Aníbal Fernández, the presidential secretary, said that the charges were "ridiculous, embarrassing and a clear manoeuvre of anti-democratic destabilisation." Judge Daniel Rafecas was schedule to begin reviewing the case by the end the month.

See also Encyclopedia: Argentina .
U.S. State Dept. Country Notes: Argentina
National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (In Spanish Only) www.indec.mecon.ar/ .

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