Malala YousafzaiActivist / Student
Born: 12 July 1997
Birthplace: Mingora, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Best known as:
The Pakistani schoolgirl shot by the Taliban
Peace activist Malala Yousafzai was 14 years old when she was shot in the head in an assassination attempt in the Swat Valley of Pakistan. Yousafzai became known as an advocate for girls' schools in 2009, when she wrote for the BBC about life in her hometown under the rule of conservative militants in the Taliban. The Pakistani army launched military operations to drive out the Taliban in 2009, and a documentary film helped Yousafzai became internationally famous as a chronicler of the chaos. She was nominated in 2011 for the International Children's Peace Prize, and that same year won Pakistan's first National Youth Peace Prize (now called the National Malala Peace Prize). While on a bus from school on 9 October 2012, Yousafzai and three other girls were wounded by two gunmen. The Taliban claimed credit for the shooting and vowed to kill Yousafzai for encouraging western ideas, specifically the education of women. Malala Yousafzai was seriously wounded in the head and neck and airlifted to a British hospital for safety reasons and for specialized treatment.
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