Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player
Born: 31 January 1919
Died: 24 October 1972 (diabetes)
Birthplace: Cairo, Georgia
Best known as: The man who broke baseball's color barrier
Jackie Robinson was the first African-American to play in baseball's major leagues in the modern era. Only white players were accepted in the major leagues until 1947, when Robinson was called up to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers. He made his first major league appearance on 15 April 1947. Robinson was named Rookie of the Year for 1947 and went on to appear in six World Series in ten seasons with the Dodgers (1947-56). Other major league teams soon followed Brooklyn's lead and hired black players of their own. Robinson's stellar play, and his role in breaking the color barrier, led to his 1962 induction as the first African-American in baseball's Hall of Fame. In 1997, on the 50th anniversary of Robinson's first year with the Dodgers, Major League Baseball permanently retired Robinson's uniform number, 42. He is the only baseball player ever to have been so honored. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ronald Reagan in 1984.
Extra credit: Robinson was mainly a second baseman, though he also played at first and third... The Brooklyn Dodgers moved west and became the Los Angeles Dodgers after the 1957 season... Robinson attended UCLA, where he lettered in four sports: track, baseball, football and basketball... He served in the U.S. Army from 1941-44... According to the official site of Robinson's estate, "Jackie married Rachel Isum, a nursing student he met at UCLA, in 1946." They had three children: Jackie Jr., Sharon and David.
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