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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesTennessee

WILLIAMS, John

(1778—1837)

Senate Years of Service: 1815-1823
Party: Democratic Republican

WILLIAMS, John, (brother of Lewis Williams and Robert Williams, father of Joseph Lanier Williams, and cousin of Marmaduke Williams), a Senator from Tennessee; born in Surry County, N.C., January 29, 1778; completed preparatory studies; captain in the Sixth Regiment, United States Infantry 1799-1800; studied law in Salisbury, N.C.; admitted to the bar of Knox County, Tenn., in 1803 and commenced practice in Knoxville, Tenn.; captain of regular troops in the War of 1812 and was colonel of a regiment of East Tennessee Mounted Volunteers in the expedition against the Seminole Indians in Florida in 1812 and 1813; colonel of the Thirty-ninth Regiment, United States Infantry, in 1813, and subsequently served under General Andrew Jackson in the expedition against the Creek Indians in Alabama; elected in 1815 as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of George W. Campbell; was subsequently appointed to fill the vacancy in the regular term caused by a recess of the legislature; was then elected in 1817 and served from October 10, 1815, to March 3, 1823; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Fourteenth through Seventeenth Congresses); appointed by President John Quincy Adams as Charge d’Affaires to the Central American Federation 1825-1826; member, State senate 1827-1828; died near Knoxville, Tenn., August 10, 1837; interment in the First Presbyterian Church Cemetery.


Bibliography

American National Biography ; Dictionary of American Biography ; Maiden, Leota Driver. “Colonel John Williams.” East Tennessee Historical Society’s Publications 30 (1958): 7-46; Heiskell, S.G. ”Col. John Williams.” In Andrew Jackson and Early Tennessee History , vol. 1, pp. 490-96. 1918. 2d ed. Nashville: Ambrose Printing Co., 1920.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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