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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesConnecticut

Truman SMITH

(1791-1884)
Senate Years of Service:
1849-1854
Party:
Whig

SMITH, Truman, (nephew of Nathan Smith and Nathaniel Smith), a Representative and a Senator from Connecticut; born in Roxbury, Conn., November 27, 1791; completed preparatory studies; graduated from Yale College in 1815; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1818 and commenced practice in Litchfield, Conn.; member, State house of representatives 1831-1832, 1834; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1843); declined renomination in 1842; presidential elector on the Whig ticket in 1844; elected to the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congresses (March 4, 1845-March 3, 1849); declined the appointment of Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinet of President Zachary Taylor; elected to the United States Senate as a Whig and served from March 4, 1849, until his resignation May 24, 1854; resumed the practice of his profession in New York City in 1854, with residence in Stamford, Conn.; appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as judge of the court of arbitration, under the treaty of 1862 with Great Britain for the suppression of the slave trade 1862-1870; retired from active business life in 1872; died in Stamford, Fairfield County, Conn., May 3, 1884; interment in Woodland Cemetery.

Bibliography

Dictionary of American Biography; Holt, Michael F. “Rethinking Nineteenth-Century American Political History,” Congress & The Presidency 19:2 (Autumn 1992), 97-111; Simon, John Y. “Lincoln and Truman Smith.” Lincoln Herald 67 (Fall 1965): 124-30.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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