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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesPhilippine Islands

Manuel Luis QUEZON

(1878-1944)

QUEZON, Manuel Luis, a Resident Commissioner from the Philippine Islands; born in Baler, Province of Tayabas, Philippine Islands, August 19, 1878; attended the public schools and the College of San Juan de Letran, Manila; studied law at the University of Santo Tomas; was admitted to the bar in April 1903; major in the Philippine Army and detailed to General Aguinaldo’s staff; under the American Government held the office of prosecuting attorney for the Province of Mindoro and was subsequently transferred to the Province of Tayabas; elected Provincial Governor of Tayabas and served from 1906 to 1907, when he resigned; delegate to the first Philippine Assembly and was the floor leader of his party in 1907 and 1908; elected by the Nationalist Party a Resident Commissioner to the United States in 1909; reelected in 1912 and served from November 23, 1909, to October 15, 1916, when he resigned; member and president of the Philippine Senate 1916-1935; elected President of the Philippine Islands on September 17, 1935, and served from the inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines on November 15, 1935, until his death; escaped from Luzon in the Philippine Islands on February 20, 1942, in a United States submarine after the Philippines had fallen to the Japanese; died in Saranac Lake, N.Y., on August 1, 1944; remains interred temporarily in a mausoleum at Arlington (Va.) National Cemetery; subsequently reinterred in Cemeterio del Norte, Manila, Philippines.

Bibliography

Goettel, Elinor. Eagle of the Philippines: President Manuel Quezon. New York: J. Messner, 1970; Quezon, Manuel. The Good Fight. Introduction by Douglas MacArthur. 1946. Reprint Edition: New York: AMS Press, 1974.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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