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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesIllinois

Samuel Scott MARSHALL

(1821-1890)

MARSHALL, Samuel Scott, a Representative from Illinois; born near Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Ill., March 12, 1821; attended public and private schools in McLeansboro, Ill., and Cumberland College, Kentucky; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1845 and commenced practice in McLeansboro, Ill.; member of the State house of representatives in 1846 and 1847; State’s attorney for the third judicial circuit of Illinois in 1847 and 1848; circuit court judge 1851-1854 and 1861-1864; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1860, 1864, and 1880; delegate to the Union National Convention at Philadelphia in 1866; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1859); chairman, Committee on Claims (Thirty-fifth Congress); was the candidate of his party for United States Senator in 1861; elected to the Thirty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1865-March 3, 1875), and was the candidate of his party for Speaker of the House in 1867; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874 to the Forty-fourth Congress; president of the board of managers of Hamilton College 1875-1880; died in McLeansboro, Hamilton County, Ill., July 26, 1890; interment in Odd Fellows Cemetery.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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