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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesKentucky

Humphrey MARSHALL

(1812-1872)

MARSHALL, Humphrey, (grandson of Humphrey Marshall [1760-1841]), a Representative from Kentucky; born in Frankfort, Franklin County, Ky., January 13, 1812; pursued academic studies; was graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1832; resigned from the Army April 30, 1833; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1833 and practiced in Frankfort in 1833 and 1834 and in Louisville 1834-1846; served in the State militia; colonel of Volunteers in the Mexican War; engaged in agricultural pursuits in Henry County, Ky.; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1849, until his resignation on August 4, 1852; Minister to China 1852-1854; elected on the American Party ticket to the Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1859); renominated by acclamation, but declined; during the Civil War served as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army; moved to Richmond, Va., and continued the practice of law; elected to the Confederate Congress; after the war moved to New Orleans, La.; civil disabilities were removed by President Johnson December 18, 1867; returned to Louisville and resumed the practice of law; died in Louisville, Ky., March 28, 1872; interment in the State Cemetery, Frankfort, Ky.

Bibliography

Rea, Kenneth W. “Humphrey Marshall’s Commissionership to China, 1852-1854.” Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, 1970.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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