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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesMassachusetts

Ebenezer Rockwood HOAR

(1816-1895)

HOAR, Ebenezer Rockwood, (grandson of Roger Sherman, son of Samuel Hoar, brother of George Frisbie Hoar, father of Sherman Hoar, and uncle of Rockwood Hoar), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Concord, Mass., February 21, 1816; pursued classical studies and was graduated from Harvard University in 1835; was admitted to the bar in 1840 and commenced practice in Concord and Boston, Mass.; served in the State senate in 1846 as an anti-slavery Whig; judge of the court of common pleas 1849-1855; judge of the State supreme court 1859-1869; Attorney General of the United States from March 1869 until his resignation in June 1870; nominated in 1869 by President Grant as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court but was not confirmed by the Senate; member of the joint high commission which framed the treaty of Washington in 1871 under which the tribunal was provided for to settle the Alabama claims; elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1875); was not a candidate for renomination in 1874; resumed the practice of his profession in Concord and Boston, Mass.; member of the board of overseers of Harvard University 1868-1882; died in Concord, Mass., January 31, 1895; interment in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery.

Bibliography

Storey, Moorfield, and Edward W. Emerson. Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar; A Memoir. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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