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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesGeorgia

Joshua HILL

(1812-1891)
Senate Years of Service:
1871-1873
Party:
Republican

HILL, Joshua, a Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born in Abbeville District, S.C., January 10, 1812; attended the common schools and was privately tutored; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Monticello, Jasper County, Ga.; elected by the American Party to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses and served from March 4, 1857, to January 23, 1861, when he resigned; unsuccessful candidate for Governor in 1863; appointed collector of customs at Savannah in 1866 and register in bankruptcy in 1867 but declined both offices; was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate on July 28, 1868, took the oath of office on February 1, 1871, after Georgia’s readmission to representatation in Congress, and served until March 3, 1873; was not a candidate for reelection; returned to Madison, Ga., and resumed the practice of law; member of the State constitutional convention in 1877; died in Madison, Ga., March 6, 1891; interment in Madison Cemetery.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Mellichamp, Josephine. “Joshua Hill.” In Senators from Georgia. pp. 148-51. Huntsville, Ala.: Strode Publishers, 1976; Roberts, Lucien E. “The Political Career of Joshua Hill, Georgia Unionist.” Georgia Historical Quarterly 21 (March 1937): 50-72.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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