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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesFlorida

Joseph Marion HERNÁNDEZ

(1788-1857)

HERNÁNDEZ, Joseph Marion, a Delegate from the Territory of Florida; born in St. Augustine, Fla. (then a Spanish colony), May 26, 1788; transferred his allegiance to the United States; upon the formation of Florida Territory was elected as a Delegate to the Seventeenth Congress and served from September 30, 1822, to March 3, 1823; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Eighteenth Congress in 1823 and Nineteenth Congress in 1825; member and presiding officer of the Territorial house of representatives, 1824-1825; appointed brigadier general of Volunteers in the war against the Florida Indians; entered the United States service and served from 1835 to 1838; commanded the expedition in 1837 that captured the Indian chief Oceola; appointed brigadier general of Mounted Volunteers in July 1837; unsuccessful Whig candidate for the United States Senate in 1845; moved to Cuba and engaged as a planter in the District of Coliseo, near Matanzas; died at the family’s sugar estate, “Audaz,” in the District of Coliseo, Matanzas Province, Cuba, June 8, 1857; interment in the Junco family vault in San Carlos Cemetery, Matanzas, Cuba.

Bibliography

Linville, Nick. “Cultural Assimilation in Frontier Florida: The Life of Joseph M. Hernandez, 1788-1857.” M. A. Thesis, University of Florida, 2004.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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