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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesSouth Carolina

William HARPER

(1790-1847)
Senate Years of Service:
1826-1826
Party:
Jacksonian

HARPER, William, a Senator from South Carolina; born on the island of Antigua, West Indies, January 17, 1790; immigrated to the United States with his parents, who settled in Charleston, and later in Columbia, S.C., in the 1790s; attended the common schools, Mount Bethel Academy, and Jefferson Monticello Seminary; graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1808; studied medicine for a time in Charleston and later studied law; admitted to the bar in 1813 and commenced the practice of law in Columbia; trustee of South Carolina College in 1813; member, State house of representatives 1816-1817; moved to Missouri in 1818; chancellor of the State of Missouri 1819-1823; member of the State constitutional convention in 1821; returned to Columbia, S.C., in 1823; reporter of the State supreme court 1823-1825; appointed as a Jacksonian to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Gaillard and served from March 8 to November 29, 1826, when a successor was elected; practiced law in Charleston; member, State house of representatives 1827-1828, serving as speaker; chancellor of the State of South Carolina 1828-1830; returned to Columbia, S.C.; appointed judge of the court of appeals 1830-1835; member of the State convention in 1832 and 1833 (known as the Nullification Convention); again chancellor of the State from 1835 until his death in Fairfield District, S.C., October 10, 1847; interment in Means Family Burial Ground, Fairfield County, S.C.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Harper, William. “Memoir on Slavery.” In The Pro-Slavery Argument, as Maintained by the most Distinguished Writers of the Southern States, pp. 1-98. 1852. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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