James Henry HAMMOND
Senate Years of Service:1857-1860
HAMMOND, James Henry, (son-in-law of Wade Hampton [1752-1835], uncle of Wade Hampton [1818-1902]), a Representative and a Senator from South Carolina; born in Newberry District, S.C., November 15, 1807; graduated from the South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia in 1825; taught school and wrote for a newspaper; studied law, admitted to the bar in 1828 and practiced in Columbia; established a newspaper to support nullification; planter; elected as a Nullifier to the Twenty-fourth Congress in 1834 and served from March 4, 1835, until February 26, 1836, when he resigned because of ill health; spent two years in Europe; returned to South Carolina and engaged in agricultural pursuits; Governor of South Carolina 1842-1844; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1857 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Andrew P. Butler and served from December 7, 1857, to November 11, 1860, when he withdrew; died at “Redcliffe,” Beach Island, S.C., November 13, 1864.
BibliographyAmerican National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Faust, Drew Gilpin. James Henry Hammond and the Old South: A Design for Mastery. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982.
Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present