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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesVirginia

Carter GLASS

(1858-1946)
Senate Years of Service:
1920-1946
Party:
Democrat

GLASS, Carter, a Representative and a Senator from Virginia; born in Lynchburg, Campbell County, Va., January 4, 1858; attended private and public schools; newspaper reporter, editor and owner; member, State senate 1899-1903, when he resigned; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1901; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Peter J. Otey; reelected to the Fifty-eighth and to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from November 4, 1902, until December 16, 1918, when he resigned to accept a cabinet position; chairman, Committee on Banking and Currency (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses); member of the Democratic National Committee 1916-1928; appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President Woodrow Wilson and served from 1918 to 1920 when he resigned, having been appointed a Senator; appointed as a Democrat to the United States Senate on November 18, 1919, and subsequently elected on November 3, 1920, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Thomas S. Martin in the term ending March 3, 1925, but did not qualify until February 2, 1920, preferring to retain his Cabinet portfolio; reelected in 1924, 1930, 1936, and again in 1942, and served from February 2, 1920, until his death on May 28, 1946; served as President pro tempore during the Seventy-seventh and Seventy-eighth Congresses; chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department (Sixty-sixth Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Seventy-third through Seventy-ninth Congresses); declined an appointment as Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt; died in Washington, D.C., May 28, 1946; interment in Spring Hill Cemetery, Lynchburg, Va.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Koeniger, Alfred C. ”‘Unreconstructed Rebel’: The Political Thought and Senate Career of Carter Glass, 1929-1936.” Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1980; Lyle, John O. “The United States Senate Career of Carter Glass, 1920-1933.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of South Carolina, 1974.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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