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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesNew Jersey

Ebenezer ELMER

(1752-1843)

ELMER, Ebenezer, (brother of Jonathan Elmer and father of Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus Elmer), a Representative from New Jersey; born in Cedarville, Cumberland County, N.J., August 23, 1752; pursued an academic course; studied medicine and practiced in Cedarville; served in the Revolutionary Army as ensign, lieutenant, surgeon’s mate, and regimental surgeon; practiced medicine in Bridgeton, N.J., 1783-1789; member of the State general assembly 1789-1795, serving as speaker in 1791 and 1795; elected as a Republican to the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Congresses (March 4, 1801-March 3, 1807); was not a candidate for renomination in 1806; member of the State council in 1807, and was chosen vice president of that body; collector of customs of Bridgeton from 1808 until 1817, when he resigned; reappointed in 1822 and served until 1832, when he again resigned; served in the War of 1812; adjutant general of the New Jersey Militia and brigadier general of the Cumberland brigade; vice president of Burlington College 1808-1817 and 1822-1832; retired from public life; died in Bridgeton, N.J., on October 18, 1843; interment in the Presbyterian Cemetery.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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