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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesMississippi

James Oliver EASTLAND

(1904-1986)
Senate Years of Service:
1941-1941; 1943-1978
Party:
Democrat; Democrat

EASTLAND, James Oliver, a Senator from Mississippi; born in Doddsville, Sunflower County, Miss., November 28, 1904; moved with his parents to Forest, Miss., in 1905; attended the public schools, the University of Mississippi at Oxford, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., and the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1927 and commenced practice in Forest, Miss.; also engaged in agricultural pursuits; member, State house of representatives 1928-1932; moved to Ruleville, Miss., in 1934; appointed on June 30, 1941, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Pat Harrison and served from June 30, 1941, to September 28, 1941; was not a candidate for election to the vacancy; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1942; reelected in 1948, 1954, 1960, 1966, and again in 1972, and served from January 3, 1943, until his resignation December 27, 1978; was not a candidate for reelection in 1978; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Ninety-second through the Ninety-fifth Congresses; chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Eighty-fourth through Ninety-fifth Congresses); was a resident of Doddsville, Miss., until his death on February 19, 1986; interment in Forest Cemetery, Forest, Miss.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives; Schlauch, Wolfgang. ”Representative William Colmer and Senator James O. Eastland and the Reconstruction of Germany, 1945.” Journal of Mississippi History 34 (August 1972): 193-213; Asch, Christopher Myers. The Senator and the Sharecropper: The Freedom Struggles of James O. Eastland and Fannie Lou Hamer. New York: New Press, 2008.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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