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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesIllinois

Paul Howard DOUGLAS

(1892-1976)
Senate Years of Service:
1949-1967
Party:
Democrat

DOUGLAS, Paul Howard, (husband of Emily Taft Douglas), a Senator from Illinois; born in Salem, Essex County, Mass., March 26, 1892; attended the public schools of Newport, Maine; graduated from Bowdoin College in 1913, Columbia University in 1915; studied at Harvard University in 1915 and 1916; economist, author and college professor; taught economics at University of Illinois 1916-1917, Reed College, Portland, Oreg., 1917-1918; engaged in industrial relations work with Emergency Fleet Corporation 1918-1919; resumed teaching at University of Washington 1919-1920; professor of industrial relations, University of Chicago 1920-1949; between 1930 and 1939 served on many state and national commissions and committees; alderman, Chicago city council 1939-1942; unsuccessful candidate for nomination in 1942 to the United States Senate; during the Second World War served in the United States Marine Corps 1942-1945; enlisted as a private and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1948; reelected in 1954 and again in 1960, serving from January 3, 1949, to January 3, 1967; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1966; chairman, Joint Committee on the Economic Report (Eighty-fourth Congress), Joint Economic Committee (Eighty-sixth and Eighty-eighth Congresses); chairman of the President’s Committee on Urban Affairs 1967-1968; chairman, Committee on Tax Reform 1969; resided in Washington, D.C., until his death there September 24, 1976; cremated; ashes scattered in the wooded area in Jackson Park, Chicago, Ill.

Bibliography

Anderson, Jerry M. “Paul H. Douglas: Insurgent Senate Spokesman for Humane Causes, 1949-1963.” Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University, 1964; Douglas, Paul H. In the Fullness of Time: The Memoirs of Paul H. Douglas. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1972.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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