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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesIllinois / US

Joseph Gurney CANNON

(1836-1926)

CANNON, Joseph Gurney, a Representative from Illinois; born in Guilford, Guilford County, N.C., May 7, 1836; moved with his parents to Bloomingdale, Ind., in 1840; completed preparatory studies; studied law at the Cincinnati Law School; was admitted to the bar in 1858 and commenced practice in Terre Haute, Ind., in 1858; moved to Tuscola, Ill., in 1859; State’s attorney for the twenty-seventh judicial district of Illinois from March 1861 to December 1868; elected as a Republican to the Forty-third and to the eight succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1891); chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-first Congress); moved to Danville, Ill., in 1878; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress; elected to the Fifty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1913); chairman, Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-seventh Congresses), Committee on Rules (Fifty-eighth through Sixty-first Congresses); Speaker of the House of Representatives (Fifty-eighth through Sixty-first Congresses); received fifty-eight votes for the presidential nomination at the Republican National Convention at Chicago in 1908; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1912 to the Sixty-third Congress; again elected to the Sixty-fourth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1915-March 3, 1923); declined renomination for Congress at the end of the Sixty-seventh Congress; retired from public life; died in Danville, Vermilion County, Ill., November 12, 1926; interment in Spring Hill Cemetery.

Bibliography

Bolles, Blair. Tyrant From Illinois: Uncle Joe Cannon’s Experiment With Personal Power. New York: Norton, 1951. Reprint, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, [1974]; Cannon, Joseph Gurney. Uncle Joe Cannon: The Story of a Pioneer American, As Told to L. White Busbey. New York: Holt, 1927. Reprint, St. Clair Shores, MI: Scholarly Press, 1970; Cannon, Joseph Gurney. The Memoirs of Joseph Gurney “Uncle Joe” Cannon. Transcribed by Helen Leseure Abdill. [Danville, Ill.]: Vermilion County Museum Society, 1996.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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