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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesOhio

John William BRICKER

(1893-1986)
Senate Years of Service:
1947-1959
Party:
Republican

BRICKER, John William, a Senator from Ohio; born on a farm near Mount Sterling, Madison County, Ohio, September 6, 1893; attended the country schools; graduated from Ohio State University at Columbus in 1916 and from its law department in 1920; admitted to the bar in 1917 and commenced practice in Columbus, Ohio, in 1920; during the First World War served as first lieutenant and chaplain in the United States Army in 1917 and 1918; solicitor for Grandview Heights, Ohio 1920-1928; assistant attorney general of Ohio 1923-1927; member of the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio 1929-1932; attorney general of Ohio 1933-1937; Governor of Ohio 1939-1945; unsuccessful Republican candidate for Vice President in 1944; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1946, reelected in 1952 and served from January 3, 1947, to January 3, 1959; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1958; chairman, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Eighty-third Congress); resumed the practice of law; died in Columbus, Ohio, March 22, 1986; interment in Greenlawn Cemetery.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Tananbaum, Duane A. The Bricker Amendment Controversy: A Test of Eisenhower’s Political Leadership. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988; Davies, Richard O. Defender of the Old Guard: John Bricker and American Politics. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1993.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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