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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesSouth Carolina

James Augustus BLACK

(1793-1848)

BLACK, James Augustus, a Representative from South Carolina; born on his father’s plantation in Ninety Six District, near Abbeville, S.C., in 1793; attended the common schools on his father’s plantation; during the War of 1812 was appointed a second lieutenant in the Eighth Infantry March 12, 1812; promoted to first lieutenant December 2, 1813, and was honorably discharged June 15, 1815; engaged in the mining of iron ore on what is now the present site of Cherokee Falls, S.C.; moved to Georgia and settled in Savannah; engaged in cotton dealing; served as tax collector of Chatham County, Ga.; returned to South Carolina and settled in Columbia; cashier of the State (branch) bank; member of South Carolina house of representatives, 1826-1828 and 1832-1835; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-eighth, Twenty-ninth, and Thirtieth Congresses and served from March 4, 1843, until his death in Washington, D.C., on April 3, 1848; chairman, Committee on the Militia (Twenty-ninth Congress); interment in the graveyard of the First Presbyterian Church, Columbia, S.C.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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