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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesNorth Carolina

Joseph Carter ABBOTT

(1825-1881)
Senate Years of Service:
1868-1871
Party:
Republican

ABBOTT, Joseph Carter, a Senator from North Carolina; born in Concord, N.H., July 15, 1825; graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., in 1846; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1852; owner and editor of the Daily American, in Manchester, N.H. 1852-1857; adjutant general of New Hampshire 1855-1861; editor of the Boston Atlas in 1859; member of the commission to adjust the boundary between New Hampshire and Canada; served in the Union Army during the Civil War 1861-1865, breveted as brigadier general; moved to Wilmington, N.C. and was for a time commandant of the city; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1868; upon the readmission of the State of North Carolina was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from July 14, 1868 to March 3, 1871; collector of the port of Wilmington under President Ulysses Grant; inspector of posts along the eastern line of the southern coast under President Rutherford Hayes; established the town of Abbottsburg, in Bladen County, N.C.; engaged in the manufacture of lumber; employed as a special agent in the United States Treasury Department; editor of the Wilmington Post; died in Wilmington, New Hanover County, N.C. on October 8, 1881; originally interred in the U.S. National Cemetery, Wilmington, N.C.; reinterred in Valley Cemetery, Manchester, N.H., in 1887.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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