Born: 29 August 1911
Best Known as: inventor of low-frictional torque arthroplasty or hip replacement surgery
John Charnley was born in Lancashire, England. He studied at Manchester University and then trained at Royal Manchester Infirmary and Salford Royal Hospital. Although hip-replacement surgery had been preformed already, it usually resulted in pain. Charnley developed a better procedure that has been successful for over four decades. John Charnley died August 12, 1982.
More on John Charnley from Infoplease: